Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP): Assessment of Governance Arrangements for the Ocean Volume 1 (2015)
This report evaluates the structure or architecture of formally-established transboundary
governance arrangements that address issues affecting water quality, fisheries, biodiversity
and habitat destruction in Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs). While there are currently 66
LMEs that have been identified globally based on criteria of productivity, trophic relationships,
bathymetry and hydrography (Sherman 1994), priority is given in this report to the 50 LMEs
shared by more than one coastal country.
This report is an output of the Large Marine Ecosystems component of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP)(2013-2015). TWAP conducted indicator-based assessments for transboundary water systems in five categories: aquifers, rivers, lakes, Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) and Open Oceans. These included assessment of governance arrangements and overall architecture for transboundary systems. This report covers the arrangements for LMEs, while its companion (Volume 2) covers arrangement for Open Ocean with a focus on Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ). Each report is summarised as a chapter in the overall assessment report for the respective water category (Open Ocean and LME).