Wider Caribbean Initiative for Ship-Generated Waste
The Project is conceived as the first phase of a longer term process of cleaning up and protecting the Caribbean Sea. The objective of this first phase program is to provide the basis for ratification and implementation of the MARPOL 73/78 Convention by the DCWCR. Project activities would contribute to this objective by providing governments with: (i) information on legal, technical, and institutional measures needed on a regional and national basis to implement MARPOL 73/78; and (ii) a forum for considering options and for reaching a regional consensus on the actions to be taken. Assuming that the members of the DCWCR decide to ratify and implement MARPOL 73/78 building on this project's outputs, a second phase program could be agreed with international donor community support, consisting of investments in port reception facilities, waste management infrastructure, and institutional training programs, that would contribute to the longer term goal of ending the discharge of all ship-generated waste into international and territorial waters of the Caribbean Sea and thereby protecting the environmental integrity of Caribbean coastal and marine systems. Over the three year period, the Project would provide technical assistance to carry out studies and support coordination activities with the objective of producing a regional strategy to implement MARPOL 73/78. The strategy would include a regional legal framework, regional waste management programs, a regional public awareness programs, training and identification of national projects for reception and disposal facilities. The Project would finance consultant services and their logistical support to: assess existing legislation and regulations of the DCWCR affecting wastes; identify legal remedies available under international agreements such as MARPOL 73/78 or appropriate alternative strategies for promoting compliance with the "Special Area" designation in the WCR; assess existing waste management systems in the DCWCR, including the institutional set-up; formulate regional engineering criteria for waste reception facilities at the ports; coordinate discussions with shipping and cruise lines on reducing waste at the source and recycling wastes; develop integrated regional waste management alternatives, including identification and evaluation of specific proposals; develop strategies for the integration of collection, treatment and disposal of ship-generated wastes with associated existing national collection, treatment and disposal systems in DCWCR; assist ports in the DCWCR in defining the appropriate tariffs for receiving wastes, including cost recovery for waste management systems; develop proposals to ensure that DCWCR achieves full cost recovery of the collection, treatment and disposal costs associated with the reception of wastes; assist DCWCR in implementing new waste management alternatives, including training local staff; develop strategies for public awareness programs in DCWCR in support of the project on a national as well as regional basis; brief potential donors, financing institutions, and NGOs on the status of MARPOL 73/78 in the WCR; and based on the foregoing, develop a strategy for dealing with ship generated waste in the WCR, including investment proposals that could be supported by WCR governments and the international donor community. Project activities would be carried out by consultants engaged by NMO and supervised by both NO and the Bank. Consultants would work closely with national and regional organizations, and a special effort would be made to involve all the targeted countries in the process. It is envisaged that a tea a of three long term consultants consisting of a Project Coordinator, Technical, and Legal experts would be engaged for about three years (estimated cost US$1.2 million). Each consultant will have a specified work program, developed on a rolling annual basis according to agreed time limits specified in "Implementation Schedule" of key project activities, which they individually manage. Each consultant's work program includes a series of studies, monitoring activities, public relations, training and regional meetings aimed at providing the basis for ratification and implementation of MARPOL 73/78 Convention by the DCWCR. The public awareness strategy will be developed and implemented by a public awareness fund procured under LIB. To facilitate their work programs, the three long term consultants are expected to identify and incorporate, as necessary, the services of local consultants and NGO's from the DCWCR (estimated cost $2.8 million). These consultants would be selected by IMO, in accordance with terms of reference agreed by the Bank, for tasks included in the respective consultant's approved work program. Estimated completion date is August 31, 1997 and the closing date is January 31, 1998.