International Waters learning Exchange & Resource Network

List of Acronyms

ABNJ — Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction

BC — Barcelona Convention

BCC — Benguela Current Commission

BCLME — Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem

BOBLME — Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem

CBD — Convention on Biological Diversity

CBO — Community-Based Organization

CCO — Colombian Ocean Commission

CCRF — Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries

CERMES — Centre for Resource Management and
Environmental Studies

CITES — Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species

CLME+ — Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem +

CMSP — Coastal and marine spatial planning

CoP — Conference of Parties

DPSIR — Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response

EAFM — Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management

EAS — East Asian Seas

EBM — Ecosystem-Based Management

EEZ — Exclusive Economic Zone

ESPOO — ESPOO Convention

FAO — Food and Agriculture Oganisation

GBRMP — Great Barrier Reef Marine Park

GEF — Global Environment Facility

GFCM — General Fisheries Commission
for the Mediterranean

HCLME — Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem

HELCOM — Helsinki Commission

HNS — Protocol on Preparedness, Response and

Cooperation to Pollution Incidents by
Hazardous and Noxious Substances

HOPE — Healthy Oceans, People and Economies

ICES — International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

ICM — Integrated Coastal Management

ICZM — Integrated Coastal Zone Management

ILEC — International Lake Ecosystems Committee

IMBeR — Integrated Marine Biosphere Research

IMO — International Maritime Organization

IOC — Intergovernmental Oceanographic Organisation

IODE — IOC International Oceanographic Data and
Information Exchange of

IUU — Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing

IW — International Waters

LMO — Living Modified Organism

LME — Large Marine Ecosystem

LOSC — Law of the Sea Convention

MAP — Mediterranean Action Plan

MARPOL — International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

MDG — UN Millennium Development Goal

MEDPAN — Mediterranean Protected Area Network

MoU — Memorandum of Understanding

MPA — Marine Protected Area

MSFD — Marine Strategy FrameworkDirective

MSP — Marine Spatial Planning

NAP — National Action Programme

NBS — North Brazil Shelf

NGO — Non Governmental Organisation

NIC — National Intersectoral Coordination

NOAA — National Athmospheric and Oceanic


OECS — Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States

OGC — Ocean Governance Committee

OPRC — International Convention on Oil Pollution

Preparedness, Response and Cooperation

PAP/RAC — Priority Actions Programme / Regional

Activity Centre

PEMSEA — Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia

PICES — North Pacific Marine Science Organization

PR — Puerto Rico

RAMPAO — Regional Western Africa Protected Areas


RFB — Regional Fishery Body

SAP — Strategic Action Programme

SDG — Sustainable Development Goal

SDS-SEA — Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia

SEAFDEC — Southeast Asian Fisheries Development


SOC — State of the Coasts

SOLAS — Safety of Life at Sea

TDA — Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis

TE — Terminal Evaluation

TWAP — Transboundary Waters Assessment


UNCLOS — United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNEP — United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO — United Nations Education, Science and
Culture Organisation

USAID — United States Agency for International

USVI — United States Virgin Islands

VASAB — Vision and Strategies Around the Baltic Sea

WAS — World Agriculture Society

WCPA — World Commission on Protected Areas